5 Basic Tax Deductions in India Everyone Should Know

Tax deductions are a valuable tool for reducing your taxable income and maximizing your savings. In India, several basic tax deductions are available to all individuals, regardless of their income level or profession. By taking advantage of these deductions, you can lower your tax liability and keep more money in your pocket. In this blog, we will explore five essential tax deductions that everyone can use in India. Let’s dive in!


1. Standard Deduction:


Introduced in the Union Budget 2018, the standard deduction is a fixed deduction allowed for salaried individuals and pensioners. It allows a deduction of up to Rs 50,000 from the total income, replacing the earlier transport allowance and medical reimbursement. This deduction is available to all eligible individuals, providing a direct reduction in taxable income.


2. Section 80C Deductions:


Section 80C of the Income Tax Act offers a wide range of deductions, making it one of the most popular tax-saving provisions. Under this section, individuals can claim deductions of up to Rs 1.5 lakh on various investments and expenses. Eligible deductions include investments in Public Provident Fund (PPF), Employee Provident Fund (EPF), National Savings Certificates (NSC), Tax-saving Fixed Deposits (FDs), Life Insurance Premiums, and Equity Linked Saving Schemes (ELSS), among others.


3. Medical Insurance Premium (Section 80D):


Section 80D allows individuals to claim deductions on premiums paid for medical insurance policies. The deduction limit varies depending on the age and type of individuals covered under the policy. For self, spouse, children, and parents (under 60 years), the maximum deduction is Rs 25,000. For senior citizens, the limit increases to Rs 50,000. Additionally, an additional deduction of Rs 5,000 is available for preventive health check-ups.


4. House Rent Allowance (HRA):


For individuals receiving HRA as a part of their salary, a tax deduction can be claimed under Section 10(14) of the Income Tax Act. The deduction is calculated as the minimum of actual HRA received, 50% of salary (for metro cities) or 40% of salary (for non-metro cities), and actual rent paid minus 10% of salary. This deduction helps individuals reduce their taxable income by a portion of the rent paid, subject to certain conditions.



5. Interest on Home Loan (Section 24):


Under Section 24(b), individuals can claim deductions on the interest paid on home loans. For a self-occupied property, the maximum deduction allowed is Rs 2 lakh per year. In the case of a let-out or deemed-to-be-let-out property, there is no upper limit on the deduction. This deduction provides homeowners with significant tax benefits, making home loan interest a valuable expense to consider while filing tax returns.




Understanding and utilizing basic tax deductions is essential for optimizing your tax planning and minimizing your tax liability. The five deductions discussed – standard deduction, Section 80C, Section 80D, HRA, and home loan interest deduction – offer significant savings opportunities for every taxpayer in India. By exploring these deductions and incorporating them into your financial planning, you can make informed decisions that positively impact your tax obligations. However, it’s recommended to consult with a tax professional or financial advisor to ensure you make the most appropriate deductions based on your individual circumstances. Start leveraging these basic tax deductions today and pave the way towards smarter tax management and increased savings.


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