Best Investment Options In India

We are all aware of how crucial it is to think through our personal investment opportunities. However, a life of financial security must also contain money accumulation and returns that can better the future and ambitions. In today’s world, many investors look for instant gratification. We want to accomplish all of our life goals as quickly as we can, despite the fact that patience and discipline can lead to better results. The same is true with investments. Many investors want to get the best possible return in as little time as possible. Because of this, a lot of investors are always looking for the best ways to invest that will help them double or triple their money. While there are particular investment strategies that can help people increase their money, identifying those strategies can be challenging. They could also take longer than they anticipate to get the intended results. As a result, in order to successfully increase wealth, one must match the investment plans and investment options that are accessible with the investing time horizon and overall risk tolerance.




In India, there are many different ways to invest. Although there are no set guidelines, investors can choose how to begin their investment journey based on three general criteria:


  • Low-Risk Investments
  • Medium-Risk Investments
  • High-Risk Investments


What Is A Low-Risk Investment?


Simply put, a low-risk investor is one who is less risk-tolerant. It generally means the investor wants minimal to no volatility in their investment portfolio. Many times, risk-averse investors, retirees, and older people who have worked hard to accumulate a  fund opt to make these investments. These investments depend on fixed-income instruments, so the returns are generally guaranteed. Low-risk investment is the best option for anyone seeking safety and stability during the worldwide epidemic or who doesn’t want to navigate unpredictable market changes. With these investments, investors can diversify their portfolios without taking any risks.


  • Public Provident Fund (PPF)


PPF is a government-sponsored scheme that ensures savings while reducing taxes. PPF interest rates are currently 7.1% compounded annually. PPF has EEE status, which means that the amount invested, interest earned, and maturity amount are all exempt from taxation. As previously stated, PPF investments are tax-deductible up to Rs 1.5 lakh per year under Section 80C. PPF has a minimum duration of 15 years and can be extended indefinitely in five-year blocks. Furthermore, the minimum investment in a PPF account is Rs. 500, and the maximum investment is Rs. 1,50,000. It may also be paid in a lump sum or a maximum of 12 instalments. 


  • National Savings Certificate (NSC)


NSCs are savings bonds offered by India Post. NSC gives an interest of 6.8% that is added up every year and is also eligible for a Section 80C deduction. Although there is no maximum investment amount in NSC, only annual contributions of up to Rs 1.5 lakh are eligible for a tax benefit. NSC also provides comprehensive capital protection and guarantees returns. It functions similarly to a 5-year FD. However, the entire amount is only due at maturity. So, if investors have a 5-year objective in mind, NSC is one of the safer investment options. 


  • Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF)


The Voluntary Provident Fund, or VPF for short, is a government-backed savings program with high returns and low risk. Under this type of provident fund scheme, an employee or depositor can freely preserve a significant portion of their provident fund. As the name implies, any employee who wants to use the VPF scheme must contribute some of his or her income to the fund. The employee’s contribution to the VPF must exceed his or her contribution to the EPF. So, an employee’s contribution to the VPF must be more than the 12% that must be contributed to the EPF, which is equal to the employee’s basic income plus the dearness allowance. There is, however, no minimum or maximum amount for contributions made to the VPF.


  • Gold


Since ancient times, gold has been a symbol of wealth. And it still hasn’t lost its appeal as an inflation-beating investment plan today. Previously, purchasing gold in physical form has been the only option. However, it has restrictions, such as additive manufacturing or design fees or storage costs. Investors can get around these restrictions by buying gold through mutual funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs).


  • Treasury Bills


The Indian government requires funds to meet its financial obligations. In order to raise money, they sometimes approach the public. Offering various financial instruments is one way to raise money. Treasury bills are one type of money market instrument that the government issues for short-term funds. Treasury bills, also known as T-bills, are short-term money market instruments. In order to raise funds, the Indian government issues Treasury Bills, which can be held for up to 365 days. It is regarded as an investment that offers good profits. These are thought to be quite safe because the government issues them.


  • Post Office Time Deposit


Post offices provide FDs, much like banks do. These investment choices, also known as Post Office Time Deposits, let investors deposit money for brief-to-medium time periods. Post Office Time Deposits generally have the advantage of offering higher returns than regular bank accounts. In addition, these plans are risk-free because they are backed by the Indian government.


  • Bank Fixed Deposits (FDs) 


As they offer guaranteed returns, they are one of the most popular investment choices in India. FDs operate in a straightforward manner. When people put money in the bank, they are guaranteed a specific return on their principal investment at the end of the term. Even though FDs are among the safest forms of investing, they have some drawbacks. Post-tax returns from FDs merely kept pace with inflation.  Additionally, FDs charge a fee if customers take their money out before it matures. Therefore, another important drawback of FDs is their low 


What is A Medium-Risk Investment?


Some investors are quite comfortable with medium-risk investments. When compared to low-risk investments, these returns are comparatively higher. They are investments that carry a certain amount of risk but also offer better profits. Here Are Some Options For Medium-Risk Investments


  • Balance Mutual Funds 


A balanced fund is a portfolio that includes an equity stock component, a bond component, and sometimes a money market component. In general, these hybrid funds adhere to a generally stable mix of stocks and bonds that reflects either a moderate or higher equity component orientation or a conservative or higher fixed-income component orientation. These funds provide investors with the best of both worlds by investing in a combination of debt and equity. Balanced funds benefit from a substantial share of stocks, but the debt component protects them from any downturn. Balanced funds are great for investors who want a mix of safety, income, and modest capital growth. They are suitable for investors with a medium-term horizon. Most of the time, this type of mutual fund puts between a minimum and maximum amount of money into each asset class.


  • Debt Funds


Debt funds invest in fixed-income securities, such as Treasury bills, corporate bonds, commercial papers, government securities, and a variety of other money market instruments. The term “fixed-income securities” refers to all of these instruments that have a predetermined maturity date and an interest rate that the buyer can earn on maturity. The returns are typically unaffected by market fluctuations. Debt securities are therefore seen as low- to medium-risk investment options.


  • Dividend-Paying Stocks


Dividend-Paying Stocks are a great way to invest in the stock market. Dividend-paying stocks give investors an opportunity to make a consistent return on their investments, even though they aren’t as popular as high-yield bonds. Due to their history of dividend payments and the fact that institutions like mutual funds and pension funds are more likely to purchase them, they are sometimes referred to as “blue chip” stocks.


  • Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)


Exchange-Traded Funds, or ETFs, are similar to stocks and can also be referred to as a basket of securities that trade on the stock market. Exchange-traded funds combine the financial resources of multiple investors and use them to buy a variety of tradable financial assets, including debt instruments like bonds and derivatives as well as tradable financial assets like shares. Most ETFs are registered with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Investors with little stock market experience may find it to be a good choice.


  • Corporate Bond Funds


Corporate bond funds are debt mutual funds that invest at least 80% of their assets in highly rated corporate bonds with a high level of security. These funds invest primarily in companies with the best credit ratings. Credit risk is low because these funds invest in highly rated debt securities, but interest rate risk may exist depending on their duration profiles. Interest rate risk is typically moderate for corporate bond funds. These are sold by commercial organizations to raise funds for short-term expenses like working capital, advertising, insurance premiums, etc. The lower charges associated with corporate bond funds compared to bank loans are making them an increasingly attractive method 


What is A High-Risk Investment?


A high-risk investment does not exactly have a guaranteed return.  In India, these are generally high-yield investments, as the returns on these investments are, without a doubt, fairly significant if invested prudently. However, a problem occurs when returns are not guaranteed and there is a possibility of incurring losses. People who know a lot about stocks, bonds, and other investments usually choose these kinds of investments. There is no limit to the profits that may be made from high-risk investments, but with huge profits come great risks.


  • Direct Equity


Investing in stocks is one of the most effective ways to generate wealth for long-term objectives. There are numerous instances of stocks that have grown investors’ wealth over time. Direct equities are among the best investments to make in the long run.  It is an equity share of a company, bound by legal terms that relate to company ownership.  When people buy an equity share, they may gain the opportunity to participate in the company’s decision-making process. However, when it comes to risk, stocks do hold a high hand


  • Equity Mutual Funds


Mutual funds have developed from their inception to become a popular investment vehicle for many people. However, with the variety of options available, selecting the best mutual fund scheme can be complicated. Investing involves a cautious and well-considered strategy to avoid potential losses. Because of this, it is important for people to understand the basics of the different schemes they are offered. Equity funds, as the name suggests, invest in the shares of various firms. In order to get good returns, the fund manager spreads his money across companies in different industries or with different market capitalizations. Equity funds often produce higher returns than term deposits or debt-based funds do. These funds come with some risk because their performance is dependent on a variety of market factors.


  • Forex Trading/Foreign Exchange


Foreign exchange, often known as FOREX, is a network of buyers and sellers who exchange currencies at a predetermined price. As a result, “foreign exchange trading” refers to the process by which individuals, organizations, and central banks swap one currency for another.


  • Hedge Funds


According to the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), hedge funds, including fund of funds, are unregistered private investment partnerships, funds, or pools that may invest in and trade in a variety of markets, strategies, and instruments (including securities, non-securities, and derivatives), but are not subject to the same regulations as mutual funds, including mutual funds’ obligations to provide investors with a certain amount of standardized and periodic pricing and valuation information.




All of the investment products we’ve looked at so far have different levels of risk and different return goals. Most of the time, you can’t meet all of your financial needs with just one investment product. To reach goals, one must carefully put together a portfolio of different investment products based on risk tolerance, time horizon, and expected returns. It’s never easy to find the right investments, the best exit strategy, etc., as well as your risk profile. Therefore, making an investment is always a good decision. This blog will help you choose from among the top investment plans offered in India. Furthermore, investors always have the choice of investing in low-risk, medium-risk, or high-risk options.


Interested in how we think about the markets?


Read more: Zen And The Art Of Investing

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