Why is diversification of investment important?

What is Diversification?


Diversification is investing in various asset classes or securities within asset classes that perform differently over time while avoiding over-focusing on any type of security or investment. This is done to as much as possible decrease the unsystematic risk in an investment portfolio.


A diversified portfolio for stock investment would include 20–30 (or more) different stocks from various industries. But in addition to these, a diversified portfolio may also include bonds, funds, real estate, certificates of deposit, and even savings accounts.

As an economy expands and contracts, each sort of asset performs distinctively and presents a diverse potential for profit or loss.



The Importance of Diversification


Diversification is a risk-reduction strategy that spreads investments among diverse financial products, industries, and other groups. It tries to optimise returns by investing in various sectors that ought to respond to changes in market conditions differently.

Diversification is the most crucial element of achieving long-term financial goals while avoiding risk, according to the majority of investing specialists, even though it does not guarantee against loss. Here, we explore the reasons for this and how to diversify your portfolio.


Why do you need Diversification?


Diversification in investing generally entails strategically distributing your investing funds among several assets and asset classes in order to reduce diversify risk. Here are three different approaches.


1# Diversify across a variety of asset classes


Portfolio diversification comprises many investment types, often known as asset classes, with varying degrees of risk. Stocks, bonds, and cash alternatives make up the three primary asset groups. Several investors extend their choice of investments to include real estate and commodities like gold and coal. Of the three major asset classes, stocks typically carry the highest level of risk, but they also have the greatest potential for growth.


In the same market environment, each asset type often performs differently. Your portfolio is more balanced when your assets are allocated among different categories. Typically, investors decide how much of each asset class they wish to invest in depending on their risk tolerance, the number of years till retirement, and other considerations.


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2# Spread your risk


In case you are putting most of your money in a company’s stock while the stock market falls, you tend to lose some part of your money. If you have invested all of your money in a single bond and the issuer filed for bankruptcy, then also you would lose some money, if not all. By selecting several investments and investment kinds, diversification reduces the risk that you face in such instances. Diversification can not ensure investment returns or completely remove risk of loss, even in a market that is losing value.


3# Diversify within asset classes


After diversifying your investments by dividing your investment between stocks, bonds, cash, and maybe other categories, you might require to diversify again.

For instance, there are numerous opportunities for diversification when it comes to stocks. You can diversify your businesses based on their size, their location (domestic or foreign), their industry, and their sector. Consider investing in mutual funds or exchange-traded funds if you want to diversify your stock portfolio but lack the time or the desire to do so. These funds typically own stock in numerous different companies.


Key Reasons why you should diversify


The key goal of diversification is sharing your risk so that it will reduce the likelihood that the performance of one investment will significantly affect the performance of your whole portfolio.

Spreading your investments over a variety of businesses or even other asset classes will reduce your risk because you don’t want the performance of your investment portfolio to rely exclusively on one particular firm.

Finally, diversification enables you to incorporate assets with various risk profiles into your portfolio.




Diversification can assist investors to manage risk in their portfolio with little to no impact on returns, and reduce the volatility of an asset’s price movements. DSP mutual fund is one of the best mutual funds that would help you with better clarity on diversification for your portfolio.



Interested in how we think about the markets?

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